‘Wind energy can meet Sri Lanka’s power requirement’

August 24, 2010

The wind-mapping results of Sri Lanka show many regions with good-to-excellent wind resources. The main wind season is from May-September, and the secondary wind season from December-February, according to Mr Ramesh Kymal, chairman and managing director, Gamesa Wind Turbines Pvt. Ltd.

“With the enormous potential available, wind alone can cater to more than Sri Lanka’s total power requirement,” he said. At present, the total installed power generation capacity is about 10,000 MW of which 58 per cent comes from thermal sources, 41 per cent (hydroelectric) and the balance from other sources, including wind.

According to Mr Kymal, after meeting Sri Lanka’s growing power demand, the excess power generated by the wind sector can be utilised for export to India. The proposed HVDC inter-connection of the southern grid with Sri Lanka will help expand the power market for generation projects in India, and vice-versa.

At present, Gamesa Wind Turbines Pvt. Ltd., a 100 per cent subsidiary of Gamesa Corporation, is executing a large wind project in the Puttalam area of Sri Lanka.

(picture from www.nrel.gov)

India Inc smells green money

August 24, 2010

Indian companies are going a long way in finding alternate sources of energy, and in the process, encashing a new opportunity in carbon credits. As many as 746 Indian companies, representing more than 40 sectors, account for 1,056 projects that have applied for CDM accreditation. According to industry chamber FICCI, as many as 114 firms out of India’s top 500 companies are involved in CDM projects.

A Crisil Research study reveals that the number of CERs in India is expected to increase to 246 million tonnes by December 2012, from 72 million tonnes in November 2009. The green-hued firms are spread across sectors such as steel, power, chemicals and consumer goods.

US state of Hawaii goes green on power, to set up two mega wind farms

June 29, 2010

The US island state of Hawaii plans to meet up to 40 per cent of its peak projected power demand of 2000 MW by harnessing cleaner resources such as wind and solar. Located thousands of kilometers away from the western coasts of the US mainland, the island state burns liquid fuel to meet its power requirement.

As the first step towards reducing dependence on fossil fuel, Hawaii is now preparing a legal and constitutional framework – referred as Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative – for inviting private investment in setting up two mega-sized wind power farms (of 200 MW each) at two of the less inhabited islands.

Hawaii also plans to enhance the availability of power substantially by way of energy savings at the consumption end. In a parallel initiative, the state plans to popularise the use of electric driven vehicles.

Picture from: http://hawaii.gov/dbedt/ert/winddata/

Green sector finds new players: GWEC report

June 23, 2010

According to a recent Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC) report, the renewable energy sector has been able to weather the financial crisis well and is now attracting new lenders and capital. Through most of 2009, it seemed that investment in renewable energy was going to be lower than the previous five years. By the end of the year, however, the sector made a comeback, the GWEC report said.

The report pointed out that long-term prospect for renewables was good, and that the drivers that propelled the sector for the past five years were still at work: Climate change, long-term carbon price exposure, fuel price risk, energy security, fossil fuel depletion and energy access. According to the GWEC report, small, distributed wind projects looked more attractive to developers having to cope with siting, permitting and transmission challenges. However, the report underlined the need for measures to push the renewable energy industry to new levels of raising capital.

Picture from www.gwec.net

Sweden’s first vertical-axis wind turbine operational

June 16, 2010

On April 14 Vertical Wind‘s first 200 kW wind turbine went on line and started to deliver energy to the power grid. This is the first full-scale vertical-axis wind turbine in Sweden. It is placed in Falkenberg, where it will soon be joined by three more turbines from Vertical Wind. The systems are ordered by E.ON and Falkenberg Energy and the park project is also supported by the Swedish Energy Authority.

“-We are currently going through the initial test program, and everything is working according to plan” says Vertical Wind’s CEO Björn Hellström.
Vertical Wind’s innovative concept with vertical-axis wind turbines where the generator is direct-driven and placed at ground level provides excellent cost efficiency, as the design involves few moving parts and lacks a gearbox. The 200kW system is designed for low noise emissions, low service need and with outstanding turbulent air handling properties. This makes it an ideal choice for local energy production and aerodynamically difficult but windy sites as ports, urban areas and commercial centers.

Text and picture from http://www.verticalwind.se/EN/index.html

Wind sector leads India’s Green Power Capacity

June 16, 2010

With major contribution from wind sector, India has added 2,330 MW of renewable energy to the grid during the fiscal 2009-10, taking country’s cumulative green power generation capacity to 16,817 MW as of March 31, 2010. In that sense, the wind energy sector continues to lead the country’s green power capacity addition and about 67 per cent of the new capacity addition of 2,330 MW came from wind. During the financial year 2009-10, India added 1,565 MW from wind, 305 MW through small hydro (up to 25 MW), 295 MW from cogeneration, and 153 MW of power through biomass. Besides, solar and waste to energy added 8 MW and 5 MW, respectively.

Turbines to tap High Altitude Winds

June 16, 2010

In order to harness jet stream winds, a research associate at York University, Toronto, has proposed to install wind turbines at high altitudes. “Ten to 15 km above the Earth, wind is available at all times, which is not possible near the ground. This wind energy can be utilised by installing wind turbines at high altitudes,” says Raj Seth, research associate in the department of physics at York University.

Seth proposes to install 100 wind turbines on a 15-km pneumatic tower made of Kevlar a synthetic fibre with high tensile strength. “The main advantage of these insulating towers of Kevlar or other strong polymer fabric is that electricity collected by the tower skin will not flow into the ground place,” he says.

The estimated cost of a single tower with turbines, which can reportedly generate 20GW of power, is said to be around Canadian $10 billion. But Seth insists it is still cost-effective technology for India. “India’s total demand at present is 200 GW and that can be met by 10 such towers. Consumers would not get higher power bills as wind power and atmospheric electricity are available at dollar zero,” he says.

China pips USA in renewable energy investment

June 16, 2010

China overtook the United States in renewable energy investments for the first time ever last year becoming the world’s largest market for clean energy projects. Renewable energy investments in China, mostly wind farms – totalled $34.6 billion in 2009. In the United States, $18.6 billion was spent.

Worldwide $162 billion was spent on renewable energy, down just 6.6 per cent from the previous year. In 2010, a 25 per cent increase in renewable energy investments to $200 billion is expected.

Stopover in Copenhagen

June 14, 2010

Mr. Ajay Mathur is Director General of the Bureau of Energy Efficiency, Government of India, and was a Member of the Indian Delegation to CoP-15. This is his personal opinion.

Road to Copenhagen

The 15th Conference of the Parties (CoP 15) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was held in Copenhagen from the 7th to the 18th of December, 2009. At this CoP, agreements were to be finalised in two sets of parallel negotiations. One set of negotiations, carried out in the Ad hoc Working Group on the Kyoto Protocol (KP), was seeking agreement on the developed country GHG emissions reduction commitments in the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol, i.e. beyond 2012. The second set of negotiations, carried out in another Ad hoc Working Group, originated from the decision at CoP13 in Bali in December, 2007 to develop a new Long-term Cooperative Agreement (LCA), in parallel with the KP. The Parties decided, Read the rest of this entry »

The REC Mechanism in India

May 26, 2010

The REC Mechanism in India

An Introduction

Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs) are a market-based instrument to promote RE power. The REC is a policy instrument which provides evidence that an electricity generator has produced a certain quantum of power from a renewable energy source such as wind, solar, biomass, waste to energy etc.

An REC is created when one megawatt hour of electricity is generated from an eligible renewable energy resource. It represents the entire benefit of renewable energy based electricity over electricity from non-renewable resources. The renewable energy certificates are a good option for addressing the constraints related to the site specific nature of many renewables.

The potential of various RE sources in India, excluding solar energy, is shown in Figure 1.

Read the rest of this entry »

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